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Special Population Codes and Definitions

Individuals with Disabilities
The term "individual with a disability" means an individual with any disability as defined in section 3 of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. The term "disability" means with respect to an individual (A) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of such individual; (8) a record of such an impairment; or (C) being regarded as having such impairment. The term impairment does not include characteristics of or predisposition to illness or disease.

SD2 – Hearing Impairment SD9  – Deaf-Blind
SD4– Speech/Language Impaired SD11 – Specific Learning Disability
SD5– Visually Impaired SD12 – Mental Impairment
SD6– Behavior/Emotional Disorder SD15  - Autism
SD7– Physical Impairment SD16 – Traumatic Brain Injury
SD8– Health Impairment SD17 – Students with disabilities not in Special Educ. (504 Eligible)

Individuals from economically disadvantaged families, including foster children
The term "economically disadvantaged family or individual" means families or individuals who are determined by the Secretary to be low income according to the latest available data from the Department of Commerce.

Individuals preparing for nontraditional training and employment
The term "nontraditional training and employment" means occupations or fields of work, including careers in computer science, technology, and other emerging high skill occupations, from which individuals from one gender comprise less than 25 percent of the individuals employed in each such occupation or field of work.

Single parents, including single pregnant women
The term "single parent" means an individual who - (A) is unmarried or legally separated from a spouse; and (B) (i) has a minor child or children for which the parent has either custody or joint custody; or (ii) is pregnant.

Individuals who are academically disadvantaged
The term "individuals with other barriers to educational achievement" includes those individuals identified as "academically disadvantaged." An individual is considered disadvantaged if (A) his/her disadvantaged condition is a contributing factor to a lack of success; and (B) he/she is not succeeding or cannot be expected to succeed in career and technical education without special assistance.

Individuals with Limited English proficiency
The term "individual with limited English proficiency" means a secondary school student, an adult, or an out-of-school youth, who has limited ability in speaking, reading, writing, or understanding the English language, and - (A) whose native language is a language other than English; or (B) who lives in a family or community environment in which a language other than English is the dominant language.